Honors Chemistry

Answers to Chapter 22 Study Questions

 

1. a) alkene, unsaturated d) aromatic, unsaturated g) alkyne, unsaturated

b) alkane, saturated e) alkane, saturated h) alkene, unsaturated

c) alkyne, unsaturated f) alkane, saturated i) aromatic, unsaturated

 

2.

 

 


pentane 2-methylbutane

2,2-dimethylpropane

 

3.

 


 

 

 

 

 

 


4. 4-ethyl-3,4,6-trimethyloctane

 

5. a) should be 2-methylbutane; counting from wrong end.

b) should be 3-methylhexane; you cant have 1-methyl anything

c) needs 2 numbers if its di-methyl

d) should be 2-methylbutane; longest chain is 4 carbons, not 3 carbons; 2-ethyl is impossible.

 

6. a) b)

 

 

 


c) d)

 

 


e) f)

 

 

 


7. (carboxylic acid) (ester) (ester)

 

 

 

 

 

 


8.

 

 

 

 


9. a) addition polymer;

 

 

 

 

b) condensation polymer, polyester, copolymer

 

 

 

 


c) condensation polymer, polyamide, homopolymer; polypeptide (polyalanine)

 

 

 

 

 

 


10. a) unsaturated, 2 double bonds (see 10 b) b) saturated (2n + 1 Hs)

 

11. CH3 CH3

| |

CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3

| | | |

CH3 - C - CH - C - CH - CH2 - CH3

| |

CH3 CH2-CH2-CH3

 

 

12. CH3 O CH3 O CH3 O CH3 O

| || | || | || | ||

-O-CH2-CH-CH2-C-O-CH2-CH-CH2-C-O-CH2-CH-CH2-C-O-CH2-CH-CH2-C-