Honors Chemistry

Chapter 22 Study Questions

 

1.  Identify each of the following as alkane, alkene, alkyne, or aromatic hydrocarbon.  Indicate for each whether it is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon.

 

      a)   H C = C H                        d)  C6H6                                   g)  C2H2

                    |       |

                  CH3  CH3                                     H   H  H   H

                                                                       |     |    |     |

      b)   C12H26                                       e)  HCCCCH              h)  C4H8

                                                                       |     |    |     |

                                                                      H   H  H   H

 


      c)  C5H8                                          f)  propane                               i)          CH3

 

2.  Draw and name 3 isomers of C5H12.

 

3.  Label at least 3 functional groups on the following molecule:

 


           

 

 

 

 

 

 


4.  Name the following alkane:     CH3      CH2 - CH3

                                                       |                    |

                                                      CH - CH2 - C  -  CH  -  CH2

                                                       |                    |         |          |

                                                      CH2 - CH3   CH3   CH3    CH3

 

5.  Explain what is wrong with each of the following names of alkanes:

      a)  3-methylbutane                                                  b)  1,3-dimethylpentane

      c)  2-dimethylbutane                                               d)  2-ethylpropane

 

6.  Draw the structure of

      a)  hexane                                                               b)  methyl alcohol

      c)  formic acid                                                        d)  1-butyne

      e)  a carboxylic acid with 4 carbon atoms    f)  an amine with 5 hydrogen atoms

 

7.  Draw an isomer of 6e above and indicate what type of functional groups are in the compound.

 

8.  Draw and name the ester formed by the reaction of propyl alcohol and acetic acid.

9.  For each of the following polymers, indicate the type of polymer and draw the monomer(s) from which the polymers are made.

 

                H    H    H     H    H    H    H                       O                  O                 O                 O       

                 |      |      |       |      |      |       |                        ||                   ||                   ||                    ||        

      a)   C C C C C C C          c)    −C−CH−NH−C−CH−NH−C−CH−NH−C−

                 |      |      |       |      |      |       |                              |                   |                     |

                H    O    H     O    H   O     H                            CH3            CH3               CH3

                        |              |            |

                       CH3        CH3      CH3

 

      b)             O     O                                     O    O                                    O    O

                       ||      ||                                       ||     ||                                       ||     ||

            O C C O                O C C O                O C C O

 

 

10.  For each of the following fatty acids, indicate whether it is saturated or unsaturated.  If it is unsaturated, indicate how many carbon-carbon double bonds it contains:

      a)  C13H23COOH                            b)  C13H27COOH

 

11.  Draw the structure of 2,2,5-trimethyl-3,4-diethyl-4 propylheptane

 

12.  Sketch a section of the polymer formed from the following monomer (include at least 3 monomers): 

                                                  CH3             O

                                                   |                   ||

                        H - O - CH2 - CH - CH2 - C - O - H

 

 

 

 

Summary of Chapter 22:  Organic Chemistry

 


properties of organic compounds

saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons

alkanes, alkenes, alkynes

name alkanes

     prefixes for 1-10 carbons

draw structures

structural isomers         

aromatic hydrocarbons

functional groups

     alcohols

     carboxylic acids

            formic acid, acetic acid

     amines

     esters

     amides

condensation reactions (formation of esters and amides)

addition polymers

condensation polymers

     polyesters and polyamides

     homopolymers & copolymers

draw monomer from polymer and vice versa

amino acids

saturated and unsaturated fatty acids